Indeed, polypharmacy in which patients take several medicines to an extent that they result in complexities is a common experience among the old people. Such a situation is as a result of particular aspects which is discovered can solve the issue. The common risk factors for polypharmacy among the older individuals are gastric disturbances as well as gastrointestinal diseases that induce a lot of adverse reactions which make patients opt to taking gastrointestinal drugs. The intake of such drugs them result in cascading of treatments and increment in DDC. Additionally, painful conditions which the older adults suffer including arthropathic, chronic, and neuropathic pain. According to Word Health Organization (2019) chronic pain is related with behavioral and somatic comorbidities encourages the old adults to consume excess analgesic. Indeed, risk factors such as the ones mentioned above trigger the increased cases of polypharmacy.
As a Nurse Practitioner, I would proactively teach the community especially old patients about sustainable and suitable medication as well as lifestyle. According to WHO (2019) unhealthy lifestyle causes multimorbidity among many patients, hence educating the ole people on healthy foods, proper health care, and housing as well as exercising helps reduce polypharmacy and its effects. The second intervention is to involve the patients into understanding the effect of using too many medications, reporting side effects immediately they happen, and using medication in the correct manner. Molokhia & Majeed (2017) Opines that involving patients in the process of medication, monitoring them as they start and continue using the medication, as well as informing them on the right way to take drugs and report on impacts serves in reducing risks of polypharmacy. Therefore, the two interventions would suit me well.