1. Design and outline a human experiment. Using the steps commonly followed in the scientific method, design a realistic experiment to test the following hypothesis: In a given period of time, 14-year-old students who eat French Fries three times per week will gain at least two more pounds than students who eat French Fries twice a week. You don’t have to invent results of the experiment or provide any imaginary data analysis, but you must identify the dependent/outcome variable(s) and all main independent/controlled variables, and details of all the important steps to be followed in the design of your experiment. Remember: your design details must be so clear that the experiment could be repeated by any other researchers. 2. Human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research. Do you think scientists should use discarded embryos from fertility clinics to conduct human embryonic stem cell research? Do you think this source of embryos addresses the concerns of those who do not want to see embryos destroyed for research purposes? Explain which of the main groups of ethical approaches is most influential in your thinking about this issue and why, for example what consequence(s)/outcomes [Teleology], or right(s) [Rights] or intuitions/conscience [Intuitionism], or duty/laws or responsibilities [Deontology] are most important for you in your thinking. 3. Frozen Embryos. Mary Sue and John Smith had tried for nine years to get pregnant. She had five tubal pregnancies and a few serious surgeries. The Smiths learned about a clinic that does in vitro fertilization (IVF) of as many as 12 eggs, then implants some and freezes the rest. This sounded like a solution. Mary Sue couldn’t undergo too many more operations. She had 9 eggs removed and all 9 were fertilized. Only two were implanted and 7 were frozen. Now Mary Sue and her husband are asking for a divorce in court. But the question being raised by their attorney is “Who will get custody of the frozen embryos” A. Should Mary Sue or John have custody of the frozen embryos? Why? B. If either Mary Sue or John decides after the divorce that she or he wants to have some of the remaining embryos implanted in a surrogate, should their former spouse be consulted? Why/why not? C. If the former spouse should be consulted, should his or her consent be required? Why or why not?