Assignment meets the following Learning Outcomes: Explore the complexity of the human experience Develop a body of historical knowledge explaining the dynamics of change over time Interpret and contextualize the past on its own terms Evaluate a variety of historical sources, primary and secondary, for their credibility and utility Generate a historical argument that is reasoned and based on historical evidence Combine argument and evidence into effective narrative that describes and analyzes the past The Assignment: Working with both primary and secondary sources, explain how and why the relationship between Church and State changed during this 500-year period. What was the relationship between Church and State around 1000 CE and what was the relationship in 1500? Paper: minimum of 5 pages plus bibliography in MLA format. As you develop your narrative, incorporate key passages from the primary sources to reinforce your points. A suggested Outline: 1: Empire Ascendant: the Ottonians 2. The Church Strikes: Investiture Contest 3. The Empire Strikes Back: Frederick I & II 4. Church Ascendant: Era of Innocent III, Decline of Empire 5. France vs. the Church: Philip the Fair, Avignon, Great Schism 6. Grass Roots Protest: Wyclif, Hus, Conciliar Movement, Luther Research Materials: Confine your research to the sources that I provided. All of the sources used in the course, the textbook, Encounters and Traditions, as well as other class materials can be used. In addition, for this assignment, I have included additional web-based sources for your use. These are comprised of both primary and secondary sources. The list of primary sources is extensive, but each one is rather short, usually a page or less. They serve to illustrate the positions and policies taken by either side in this debate. Refer to these and use them to support your points in your paper. Keep in mind that we are exploring the historical development of church and state relations in Western society. Matters of faith and religious belief except as they pertain to the claims of authority of the Roman authorities are not in question here and are not to be the subject of this paper. All we are concerned with is how and why the positions of the Papacy and the secular rulers of Europe changed during this period. Methodology: I recommend that you start with your secondary sources beginning with the textbook, class materials, and the online secondary sources. As you read through these, construct a timeline so you can keep key figures and events in their proper sequence. After you have a pretty firm concept of the timeline and major developments, turn to the primary sources to enhance your understanding of the issues. You are required to adhere to the sources provided. As you state your points, cite these sources following MLA guidelines. Bringing in information from unauthorized sources will result in a lowering of your grade.